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2024

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Luoyang Mingtang and scenic paradise —— Mingtang

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Source: internal company


Mingtang and scenic paradise is where Empress Wu Zetian lived and governed in Luoyang. The scenic spot mainly includes two buildings, Mingtang and Tiantang. Mingtang is the main hall of Ziwei City in Luoyang during the Tang Dynasty, known as the "Palace of All Things", and Heaven is Wu Zetian's imperial ritual and Buddhist hall. More than 1,300 years ago, Wu Zetian, the only empress in Chinese history, ascended the throne in Luoyang and proclaimed herself emperor. She changed the name of Tang Dynasty to Zhou Dynasty and established the Wu-Zhou regime, known as the "Holy God Emperor". The capital was established in Luoyang, which was called the divine capital. She built Mingtang, Tiantang, Tianshu and other buildings on the central axis that runs through the north and south.


Mingtang landscape
Mingtang is the main hall of Ziwei Palace in Luoyang during the Tang Dynasty, known as Palace of All Things. The Mingtang is a Confucian ritual building. It was a place where ancient emperors established their political and religious affairs. All major ceremonies such as sacrifices, court meetings, celebrations, and selection of scholars were held here. Wu Zetian built Mingtang in the Qianyang Hall of the Sui Dynasty and Tiantang in the Daye Hall of the Sui Dynasty. This shows that Mingtang and Tiantang were built according to the specifications and etiquette of the royal palace at that time. The Mingtang is also a place where the country holds sacrificial ceremonies. Wu Zetian personally worshiped the Mingtang and offered sacrifices to heaven and earth.


Palace of All Things
It shows the magnificent picture of Emperor Wu Zetian's authority, overlooking the world, self-governing, expanding territory and creating a prosperous age. This is the first place visitors see when entering Mingtang.


Central Heritage Hall
In 1986, the Mingtang foundation site was archaeologically excavated. It is a six-circle octagonal rammed earth platform. In the center of the Mingtang site is a giant circular pillar pit with a diameter of 9.8 meters at the mouth. It is retracted layer by layer. The diameter of the pit bottom is 6.16 meters and the depth is 4.06 meters. The bottom of the pit is a giant pillar foundation composed of four large bluestones. There are two circles of scale lines around the pillars. The diameter of the outer circle is 4.17 meters and the inner circle is 3.87 meters. There are circular mortises on three of them, and there are bricks on the outside of the pillar foundation stone to form an octagon, and the outside is rammed earth. The entire site pit has varying degrees of damage. After repeated studies by experts, a light steel frame structure was used for protection, which basically did not change the appearance of the original post pit.

 

 

History Hall
Here we mainly display the archaeological excavation of Mingtang, models of changes in the past dynasties, as well as the shape and evolution of the main hall of the palace in the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties.  During the period of Wu Zetian, she held banquets with ministers, received congratulations and issued government orders here.


Daxiang Hall
The Daxiang Hall is located on the northwest side of Mingtang. It mainly displays some major events that happened in Mingtang during the Wu and Zhou Dynasties. Mingtang is Wu Zetian's administrative palace, a place of worship, and a symbol of Wu Zetian's imperial power. This mainly displays the miniature scenes of Wu Zetian's acceptance into the Mingtang, the Mingtang oath, the interactive game experience of Emperor Wu's 100,000 court visits, and the playback area for video materials about Wu Zetian's TV series and movies.


Achievements Office
In 690 AD, Wu Zetian proclaimed herself emperor and ascended the throne. With great political talent, she summarized the experience and lessons of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty and her own experience and lessons of assisting Emperor Gaozong for 20 years. She drew up a twelve-point policy outline by comparing the previous dynasties with the present. What we see before us - the Twelve Proposals, stabilized society, benefited the people, and provided a good reference for some later rulers. The Hall of Achievements displays Wu Zetian's Palace Examination, civil and military examinations interactive project for visitor participation, 12 phoenix pillars carrying the Twelve Suggestions, territorial maps from the period of Wu Zetian and Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, Songshan Zen Ceremony, and a model display of the golden slips used to exonerate Wu Zetian.


Agency for Cultural Affairs
A wall decorated with twenty Chinese characters. As the only orthodox female emperor in history, she made bold reforms in writing, adding and subtracting strokes from her predecessors. From her original but widely used twenty Chinese characters, it is not difficult to get a glimpse of her talent and extraordinary wisdom! Among them, the word sun and moon is in the sky, pronounced zhao, which was used by Wu Zetian to name herself. Because the sun and moon are in the sky, it shines on the earth, so it is called Zhao.

 

 

Urban Construction Department
The Mingtang Urban Construction Hall displays the remains of the central pillar of Mingtang, the ten surrounding giant trees, the vast starry sky, the sand table model of Wu Zetian's palace area, and the video of "The Rule of Wu Zhou". Here, we virtually designed the cross-section device of the Tongtian Pillar. The column is wrapped with multiple layers of giant wood, connected with tenon wood and enclosed with iron hoops. In this way, we can show the magnificent Tongtian Pillar and let us once again appreciate the luxury of the Tang Dynasty.


Cinema
One of the largest arc-screen cinemas in the world, the arc-screen screen is 28 meters long and 4 meters wide. It broadcasts the film "The Holy City of the Golden Age", showing the construction and prosperity of Luoyang City in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Wu Zhou's establishment of the capital, and the construction of Mingtang and Paradise, allowing tourists to understand Luoyang's glorious past.


Planning Hall
The ruins of Luoyang City in the Sui and Tang Dynasties were listed by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage as a major national cultural heritage site and a comprehensive protection and science and technology demonstration area for large sites in the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan", and were also included in the Silk Road World Heritage List. The Wuzhou Mingtang ruins are located on the central axis of the core area of the Luoyang City ruins in the Sui and Tang Dynasties. Based on the "one area, one axis" planning of the Luoyang City ruins in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the protection concept of the Wuzhou Mingtang ruins in Luoyang is spread and comprehensively displayed and promoted. The cultural value of the palace city of Luoyang during the Sui and Tang Dynasties. This L-shaped display screen shows the development process from ancient times to the present.

 

(resource: Baidu Encyclopedia)

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