Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional cultural festival popular among many ethnic groups across the country. It is so named because it happens to be in the middle of autumn. The moon is said to be the largest, fullest and brightest on this night. Since ancient times, people have had the custom of drinking and admiring the moon on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival to express perfection and auspiciousness. It originated in the Zhou Dynasty, popularized in the Han Dynasty, stereotyped in the early years of the Tang Dynasty, and flourished in the Song Dynasty, and is known as the four major traditional festivals in China, along with the Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, and Dragon Boat Festival.
White Horse Temple, located on the side of National Highway 310, White Horse Town, Luolong District, Luoyang City, Henan Province, was built in the eleventh year of Yongping in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 68). It was the first official temple built after Buddhism was introduced to China. White Horse Temples is the "source" and "ancestral court" of temples in China, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, and European and American countries.
Longmen Grottoes, located in Luoyang, Henan Province, is a treasure house of stone carving art with the largest number of statues in the world. It is rated as "the highest peak of Chinese stone carving art" by UNESCO. It is now a world cultural heritage, a national key cultural relic protection unit, and a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
Luoyang (ancient name——Zhen xun, Xi Bo, Luo Yi, Luo Jing, Jing Luo, Shen Du, Luo Cheng) is also called Yi Luo because of the two rivers of Yi and Luo in its territory. Luoyang, in central China's Henan Province, was named in honor of its situation north of the Luohe River–a tributary of the Yellow River. In ancient China, such a location, or one at the southern foot of a mountain, was deemed to be yang (meaning the sunny side as opposed to yin). Luoyang was thus named. It is one of the first national historical and cultural cities announced by the State Council, one of the four ancient capitals of China, and a world cultural city.
Mángzhòng is the ninth solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 75° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 90°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 75°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around June 5 (June 6 East Asia time) and ends around June 21.