Development of Crushing Equipment(2)
Source: internal company
Development of Crushing Equipment(2)
3. Roll crusher
3.1 Overview of Roll Crusher
Roller crusher is a common equipment for material crushing. Its characteristics are simple structure, reliable operation and easy manufacture. Roller crusher is widely used in crushing coal, slag, coke and other materials. There are two outstanding problems in the use of roller crusher. One is how to control the particle size of crushed materials. The second is how to protect the crusher from overload when encountering difficult-to-crush materials.
3.2 Development Status of Roll Crusher
Internationally, the roller crusher produced by MMD Company is more famous. FFE Company of the United States and ABOH Engineering Company of Australia have jointly developed ABOH series grading crusher. An important characteristic of this crusher is that it can control the particle size by adjusting the crushing device and grading plate in the crusher. Moriya et al. Designed a lash adjuster to adjust the roll gap, which can detect the zero position of the gap. Hodenberg and NorrmanP designed a manual clearance adjustment device for roller crusher. Its advantages include simple adjustment, low failure rate, long service life and high efficiency.
4. Hammer crusher
4.1 Overview of Hammer Crusher
Hammer crusher is a kind of common material refining equipment in industrial production, which is mainly used for refining medium hard and soft materials. Hammer crusher was born on the basis of impact crusher. Hammer crusher is divided into two forms: single rotor and double rotor. It is widely used in cement, metallurgy, thermal power generation and other industrial sectors. Due to the cutting and cutting effects in the crushing operation, the components in the hammer crushing cavity machine are worn greatly, and the hammer head is the most seriously worn.
4.2 Development Status of Hammer Crusher
The crushing force and tooth surface stress under different material conditions are solved, the influence law of tooth profile parameters and parameter combination on crushing performance is analyzed, and the optimal tooth profile parameter combination is obtained, and the reliability is verified by experiments.
On the basis of theoretical research, the crusher is parameterized with the aid of calculation software, which greatly improves the design efficiency and reliability. In hammer crusher, to calculate the motor power of crusher, it is necessary to establish a mechanical model of collision between single particle ore and hammer head, calculate the impact power, and on this basis increase various useless power losses, and finally obtain the installed power.
5. Impact crusher
5.1 Overview of Impact Crusher
Impact crusher is a kind of equipment suitable for crushing medium hardness and low abrasion rock.
It is mainly used for coarse, medium and fine crushing of limestone, coal, sandstone, cement and other materials. Due to the characteristics of large crushing ratio, high handling capacity, good product grain shape, small foundation engineering quantity and low one-time investment, impact crusher is widely used in the fields of steel, construction, metallurgy, water conservancy and hydropower, highway and railway and other industries.
The structure of the impact crusher is mainly composed of a rotor body, a front impact plate, a rear impact plate and a body. When working, the rotor body is driven to run at high speed through belt transmission, the falling materials receive the impact effect of the plate hammer, are thrown to the counterattack plate for another impact effect, and at the same time, the materials and materials in the crushing cavity are selectively crushed by colliding with each other.
The front and rear counterattack plates break the materials through repeated impact routes for a certain period of time and length. When the particle size of the materials is less than the gap between the counterattack plate and the plate hammer, the materials are finally discharged from the material port.
5.2 Development Status of Impact Crusher
The theory of counterattack crushing was put forward by the United States in 1842, and the world's first Hubei crusher was born in the United States in the 1850s. With the development of mechanization, it is increasingly unable to meet the industrial needs of metallurgy, construction and mines. On the basis of the design of Hubei crusher, it took more than half a century. In 1924, the Germans first developed two types of impact crusher, single rotor and double rotor. Moreover, due to its advantages of simple mechanism, high production efficiency, convenient movement and handling of various materials, it has been developed rapidly and has been used up to now.
Summary: Crusher is an indispensable kind of equipment in industrial production. Understanding its current situation and development plays an important role in future work. For a long time, the crusher has been constantly innovating, but in the design process, we should constantly improve the shortcomings in the crusher.