Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang
Source: internal company
Qin Shihuang's Terracotta Warriors and Horses were discovered in Bai in 1974, and then a large-scale museum was built here, which opened on National Day in 1979.
After the opening of the Qin Terracotta Warriors Museum, which is rare in the world, it soon caused a sensation both at home and abroad. It is regarded as an ancient miracle and one of the most important archaeological discoveries in contemporary times.
Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses amazed the audience with their huge scale, mighty scenes and superb scientific and artistic level. The ancient city of Xi'an soon became one of the most important tourist cities in China due to the Qin Terracotta Warriors Museum. Tourists from home and abroad come here one after another. Most foreign heads of state and other distinguished guests visiting China should put visiting Terracotta Warriors and Horses on the agenda.
Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pit is about 1.5 kilometers east of Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum, and three pits, No.1, No.2 and No.3, have been issued successively. Pit 1 was discovered by local farmers when drilling wells, and pits 2 and 3 were discovered successively after drilling. No.1 pit is the largest, with a length of 230 meters from east to west and a width of 612 meters, with a total area of 14,260 square meters. There are about 6,000 life-size pottery figurines buried in this pit, and more than 1,000 have been cleared so far. It is incredible to find pottery figurines with such a large size, so many numbers and such lifelike shapes underground.
Walking into the hall of the museum, I saw thousands of life-size warriors arranged neatly 5 meters underground, all in bronze, 1.8 to 1.97 meters high, one by one mighty and magnificent, which was really strict and daunting. There are 32 pottery horses the size of real horses. The pottery horses are in groups of 4, dragging wooden chariots. The arrangement of terracotta warriors and horses is three horizontal teams facing east, each with 70 warrior warriors, totaling 210, which seems to be the vanguard of the army. Followed by infantry and chariots are 38 columns, each about 180 meters long, which seems to be the main body of the army. On the left and right sides, there is a row of horizontal teams facing south and north. Each team has about 180 warrior figurines, which seems to be the two wings of the army. At the western end, there is a row of warrior figurines facing west, which seems to be the guards of the army. Samurai figurines and friends are dressed in battle robes, some in armor, and the bronze weapons in their hands are all real objects. The organization is tight and the team is purged. Dozens of horses screamed with their heads held high and their hoofs were ready to go. The whole army is ready to go.
The mighty and magnificent military array reproduces Qin Shihuang's military service and power in order to accomplish the great cause of reunifying China. These terracotta warriors are of great value in the artistic history. The shaping of Terracotta Warriors and Horses is based on real life, with exquisite and lively artistic techniques. Pottery figurines have different costumes and expressions. There are many kinds of hairstyles alone, gestures are also different, and facial expressions are even more different. From their costumes, expressions and gestures, we can judge whether they are officers or soldiers, infantry or cavalry. There are battle-hardened veterans with beards and young people who have just entered the battlefield. The 1.96-meter-tall general figurine stands upright and meditates, showing a determined and mighty expression. The warrior figurine, with its head slightly raised and its eyes looking straight ahead, looked high-spirited and somewhat childlike. The samurai, wearing a shovel armor, holding a long hand in his right hand and pressing the car in his left hand, showed that he was a defending chariot figurine.
In a word, pottery figurines have distinct personality and strong characteristics of the times. This batch of military and horse songs is a treasure house of sculpture art, which adds luster to the splendid ancient culture of the Chinese nation and adds a glorious page to the world art history. Bronze weapons unearthed in the Terracotta Warriors pit include swords, spears, halberds, machetes, a large number of crossbows and arrows. According to laboratory data, these copper-tin alloy weapons have been chromized. Although they have been buried in the soil for more than 2,000 years, their edges are still sharp and sparkling, indicating that there was already a very high metallurgical technology at that time, which can be regarded as a miracle in the history of world metallurgy.
Before 1991, the Qin Terracotta Warriors Museum opened Pit 1. In September 1991, Pit No.3 was officially opened. The area of pit 3 is only one twenty-seven times that of pit 1. However, the chariots, warriors and other items unearthed from this pit can be analyzed, and this pit may be used as the high command of Pits 1 and 2.