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The Peking Opera


Source: internal company

Peking Opera, also known as Ping Opera and Beijing Opera, is the most influential opera in China, with Beijing as the center and all over the country.  

Since the 55th year of Ganlong in the Qing Dynasty (1790), the four Hui troupes, Sanqing, Sixi, Chuntai and Hechun, which originally performed in the south, have entered Beijing one after another to cooperate with Chinese opera artists from Hubei. At the same time, they have accepted some plays, tunes and performance methods of Kunqu Opera and Qin Opera, and have absorbed some local folk tunes. Through continuous communication and integration, they have finally formed Peking Opera.  

Peking Opera has a set of standardized artistic expressions in literature, performance, music, stage art and other aspects. The singing style of Peking Opera belongs to the style of plate change, with Erhuang and Xipi as the main tunes. Peking Opera accompaniment is divided into two categories: the Wen Chang and the Wu Chang. The Wen Chang mainly plays musical instruments with Hu Qin and the Wu Chang mainly plays drum boards. The roles of Peking Opera are divided into such trades as life, denier, purity, ugliness, miscellaneous, martial arts and Liu. The latter three trades are no longer specialized. Each profession has a set of performance procedures, and the skills of singing, reading, playing and playing have their own characteristics. Peking Opera takes historical stories as its main performance content, with more than 1,300 traditional plays and more than 300 or 400 often performed.  

Facial makeup originated from the "generation of facial makeup (masquerade singing and dancing)" in the Southern and Northern Dynasties. After continuous evolution, it formed the facial makeup art we see today and was recognized as the symbol of the traditional culture of the Chinese nation. 

Facial makeup has strict composition, and various characters have their own specific composition and color. Judging from the lines and layout, it can be roughly divided into whole face, three tile faces, cross frontispiece, broken face, crooked face, six-point face, eunuch face and small demon face. Although each kind of facial makeup has different painting methods, it starts from people's facial features and personality characteristics, and uses exaggeration, beautification, symbol and other methods to "combine praise and criticism, distinguish good from evil", thus making the audience understand at a glance. As a result, Facebook is known as the "window of the soul" of the character. 

Peking Opera spreads all over the country and has a wide influence. It is called "National Opera". The Peking Opera performance system named after Mei Lanfang is regarded as the representative of the Eastern drama performance system and one of the world's three major performance systems. Peking Opera is an important form of expression of Chinese traditional culture, and many artistic elements are used as symbols of Chinese traditional culture.  

In May 2006, Peking Opera was approved by the State Council to be included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage lists. In 2010, it was included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List (Roster) Human Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

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